Growing Media & Soil
Categories Growing Media & Soil
Substrates based on coconut fibre are a highly effective alternative to growing on soil the way our ancestors did. There are pellets, substrate and tabs made from the shells of coconuts.
Potting soil, as seen in grannys garden. Still one of the best substrates for homegrowing. Easy to handle, often pre-fertilised but always the ideal base for your plants.
Here you find rockwool growing media which is very useful for propagation of cuttlings and seedlings and hydroponic plant propagation.
Growing media & soil for Urban Gardening and plant bagsUpright planting bags may be equipped with any substrate adapt for standard flower pots. All kinds of soil, soil mixtures, coconut fibre, expanded clay, perlite or other substrates for hydroponics.
Hanging flower pouches, similar to hanging baskets, feature some characteristics to be observed when choosing the right substrate.
As the hanging plant bags are planted from the side, some from above or even from below there can be a very big number of plants on a very limited space thus generating some problems:
- Lack of water
- Lack of nutrients
- Rivalry between plants
Things to keep in mind when buying potting soil for flower pouches
- Hanging flower pouches are usually equipped with annual or biennial plants, with herbs or vegetables. These are often plants with a high need of nutrients and fertilizers. Therefore you should invest in pre-fertilized flower soil, preferrably with long-term fertilizer delivering nutrients over 6 to 12 weeks rendering further fertilizer needless until after this period.
- Take a close look on the contents of your mixture. Turf for example is unnecessary except for bog gardens. Much better are coconut fibres, wood fibre, tree bark or matured compost. These components optimize the structure of the soil. A pleasant scent of forest soil attests good quality.
- Compost, clay or horn meal as nutrient store and provider are a good addition.
- Perlites are another common additive, aerating the soil structure and storing water.
Components for the substrate mixture:
Compost is the most important element as it is very rich in nutrients, boosts soil organisms and stores water. Regular compost after 6 to 12 months of maturation contains ca. 32g nitrogen (N), 14g phosphor (p), 16g potassium (K) and chalk (according to usage) per 10 litres of screened compost.
Most plants benefit from sand, starting at 30%, even more for some plants. Sand contains no nutrients but provides the necessary permeability for air and water preventing stagnant moisture and mold.
Coconut fibres are a good substitute for turf and optimize the soil structure. They also contain no nutrients but are a good water store and provide aeration by shrinking and growing in the turn of water storage and delivery.
Horn meal or horn shavings are a very good long-term nitrogen source. 100g shavings contain about 10 to 14g of nitrogen (N).
Limestone from volcanic origin provides minerals and trace elements, iron, magnesium, protects from mold and boosts the taste of fruits and vegetables.
Perlites are for water storage and highly recommended.
Each plant has its own needs, therefore we can't provide exact recipes. Specific intructions for most plants are available at your retailers or on the packaging. The rest is up to your experiments and experience.